Bladder cancer develops when the bladder's cells grow out of control. As the number of cells grows, a tumor forms, which then spreads to other parts of the body. The origins are unknown, but family history, genetic changes caused by tobacco smoking, and chemical exposure are all relevant risk factors. Bladder cancer usually starts in the cells that line the lining of your bladder (urothelial cells). Your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder also contain urothelial cells. Although urothelial carcinoma can occur in the kidneys and ureters, it is far more frequent in the bladder.
The majority of bladder cancers are detected early on, when they are very curable. Even early-stage bladder tumors, however, might recur following treatment. As a result, persons with bladder cancer may require follow-up testing for years following treatment to check for recurrence.
The oncology section at Medica specializes at providing world-class cancer treatment, thanks to their combined clinical excellence of more than 30 years. Our oncologists and onco-surgeons are supported by the latest cancer treatment technologies as well as a team of highly skilled reconstructive surgeons who provide extensive treatment to all of our patients, both adults and children, with a multidisciplinary approach to treating all types and forms of cancer.